Mobilität und Immobilität von nachhaltigen Politiken auf regionaler Ebene
|Fachgebiet: Geographische Gesellschaft-Umwelt-Forschung, Regionale Geographie
Projektwissenschaftler: , Miller, B.
While Freiburg, Germany, has garnered world-wide attention for its multi-faceted urban sustainability initiatives and achievements, the City of Freiburg im Breisgau has pursued initiatives in the realms of sustainable economy, sustainable mobility, protection of natural capital, innovative land use planning, including adherence to the self-governance principles of Agenda 21 and the Aalborg Charter. Given the City of Freiburg’s efforts to play an active role in sustainable urban development policy transfer, one might expect its policies to have their greatest resonance and uptake in the immediate surrounding region. Yet adoption of the Freiburg Green City sustainability policy model has been uneven at best. Across the region one finds very uneven adoption of Freiburg’s diverse array of sustainability initiatives, despite widespread familiarity with them. This uneven geography of inter- municipal policy transfer within the greater Freiburg region raises significant theoretical as well as pragmatic questions about the transferability of sustainability policies and programs. Are the sites of major sustainability initiatives reflective of unique or rare conditions that are not easily replicable? Can programs that appear sustainable in one place be unsustainable, for social or economic reasons, in another? How can we best understand inter-municipal policy transfer and adoption in a regional context? Drawing from theoretical frameworks of policy immobilities and mobilities, as well as interviews with local officials across the greater Freiburg region, we examine the uneven geography of policy transfer in the Freiburg region and offer an assessment of its uneven geography, addressing the mobility of policies and the reasons policy mobility may be blocked.