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Gordon Winder

Prof. Dr. Gordon Winder

Professor of Economic Geography and Sustainability Research

Post address

Lehr- und Forschungseinheit Wirtschaftsgeographie
Luisenstraße 37
80333 München

Home address

Luisenstraße 37
Dritter Stock
80333 München
Room A 335

Phone: +49 (0) 89 / 2180 - 4071


Office hours

Am 4.8. 16-18 Uhr findet die 1. Feriensprechstunde statt.

Further information on the person

Forces and tasks

Industrial Districts and Clusters
Hauptseminar WS 2022

Aims - This seminar explores how Economic Geographers are using the concepts 'industrial districts' and 'clusters'. How has their use of these terms changed? What new knowledge is being produced? What problems and challenges have arisen?

Scope - Seminar presentations and related essays will either: (1) examone the methodologies being used to assess the effectiveness and dynamics of cluster and industrial district performance; (2) discuss papers by Economic Geographers commenting on these terms; or (3) (critically) assess recent work that uses the concepts in empirical research.

Context - Generally, 'industrial districts' and 'clusters' are understood as forms of industrial spatial organization, and are related to institutions, policies, networking and innovation practices, all of which can be researched using a network or relational approach. Economic Geographers have researched their performance, strengths and weaknesses. Their dynamics have been researched and theorized.

Themes - We will explore whether new forms of districts and clusters are emerging, whether these are developing new dynamics due to transition-making policies, and how 'disruption' and 'resilience' have been taken up as themes in cluster and district research.

Organization - Topics and readings for the sessiosn will be announced before the semester begins. Required readings will be available on the course moodle. Early in the semester, we will meet several times to discuss selected papers. In this way, we will develop our understanding of the core concepts. Later in the semester, we will meet in block sessions to share the course presentations. Essays will be due on the days of the block sessions. Details regarding format and expectations will follow.

Language of Instruction - Presentations can be delivered and essays written in either German or English.

Gordon Winder May 2022

Research priorities


    Professor of Economic Geography and Sustainability Research in the Department of Geography, LMU Munich.

    Affiliated LMU Professor and member of the Board of Studies, the Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society, LMU-Munich.

    Member of the Advisory Board for the Munich Centre for Global History, LMU Munich.

    Honorary Research Fellow at the School of Environment, The University of Auckland.

    Member of the Editorial Board of The Journal of Historical Geography.

    Member of the DFG-funded research group 'Urban Ethics'.

    Born in New Zealand, I gained my PhD in Geography from the University of Toronto, worked at Mount Allison University and Brandon University in Canada and the University of Auckland, New Zealand before moving to the LMU-Munich.



    I conduct economic geography research on resources and sustainability with special attention to natural resources management, disaster recovery the development of sustainable business enterprises and networks, and the effectiveness of policies designed to promote innovation, transformation, or resilience in the face of shocks. This involves researching interactions among resources, governance, innovation, markets and environments with sustainability as a driving conccern. As solutions to chronic environmental problems are sought by some in the formation of new markets it is timely to research aspects of resources and their effects on environments, market formation, the implications of trade for environments, and the implications of the cultures of markets for environments. In addition, I continue to research historical geographies of globalization, This research focus is advanced through three thematic agendas:


    KEYWORDS - bio-economies, Blue Economy, environmental economic geography, environmental ethics, gegraphies of sustainability transitions, innovation for sustainability, innovative commodity chains, resilience, sustainable manufacturing, urban ethics.


    Acosta Garcia, R., Aschenbrenner, M., Dürr, E., and Winder, G.M., (2020) Re-imagining cities as ecosystems: Contrasting ethics of ebvironmental care in Auckland and Mexico City. Urban Research and Practice. DOI: 101080/17535069.2020.1811886.

    Aschenbrenner, M., and Winder, G.M. (2019) Planning for a sustainable marine future? A critical analysis of Marine Spatial Planning in the German Exclusive Economic Zone of the North Sea, Applied Geography 110: 102050.

    Kapfhammer, W., and Winder, G.M., (2020) Slow Food, shared values and empowerment in an alternative commodity chain linking Brazil and Europe. Sociologus 70(2): 101-122.

    Blicharska, M., et al., (2020) Between biodiversity conservation and sustainable forest management - A multidisciplinary assessment of the emblematic Bialowieza Forest case. Biollgical Conservation 248: 1-15.

    Dürr, E., Ege, M., Moser, J., Neumann, C.K., and Winder, G.M., (2020) Urban ethics - Towards a research agenda on cities, ethics and normativity. City, Culture and Society 20: 1-11.

    Winder, G.M. (ed.), (2017) Fisheries, Quota Management and Quota Transfer: Rationalization Through Bio-economics. Berlin: Springer.

    Winder, G.M. and Le Heron, R. (2017) Assembling a Blue Economy moment? Geographical engagement with globalising biological-economic relations in multi-use marine environments. Dialogues in Human Geography 7(1): 3-26.

    Bobar, A. and Winder, G.M., (2017) Der Begriff der Resilienz in der Human-geographie. In M. Karidi, M. Schneider and R. Gutwald (eds.), Resilienz: Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven zu Wandel und Transformation. Wiesbaden: Springer: 83-102.


    KEYWORDS -- disaster recovery, insurance, livelihoods, media and disaster, memories of disaster, resilience, risk, vulnerability


    Hofmann, S.Z., (2021) Dynamic economic resilience scenarios for measuring long-term community resilience housing recovery. Environmental Hazards (forthcoming) accepted for publication 2021.

    Winder, G.M.,, and Hofmann, S.Z., (2020) The challenges posed by UN-Habitat's rural-urban linkages in a sustainability transition agenda: The case of the Christchurch, New Zealand rebuild. In A. Kratzer and J. Kister (eds.), Rural-Urban Linkages for Susrainable Development. New York and London: Routledge.


    KEYWORDS -- global publics, global reach, manufacturing belt, trading environments, webs of enterprise,


    Winder, G.M., (2020) Reaching the global public: Going international in a difficult market, 1935-1936. in V. Huber and J. Osterhammel (eds.), Global Publics: Their Power and their Limits. Oxford: Studies of the German Historical Institute London, Oxford University Press: 115-143.

    Winder, G.M., (2019) The world market: Conceptualizing the world economy. Invited chapter for S.R.Sippel (ed.), 'Global Economic Entanglements, Area Studies and Transregional Perspectives.' Section IV of M.Middell (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Transregional Studies (2 volumes) of the Centre for Area Studies at the University of Leipzig, London and New York: Routledge: 221-234.

    Winder, G.M., and Dix, A. (eds.) (2016) Trading Environments: Frontiers, Commercial Knowledge and Environmental Transformation, 1750-1990.' (Routledge, Environment and Society Series).


    Dr. Eugene Rees
    , 'In what sense a fisheries problem? Negotiating sustainable growth in New Zealand fisheries.`The University of Auckland (completed 2005).

    Dr. Brett Christophers, 'Envisioning media power: On capital and geographies of television.' The University of Auckland (completed 2008).

    Dr. Vikas Lakhani,'Dynamic climates of memory: Environmental learning, risk perception, and remembering and forgetting disasters.' with the Rachel Carson Center, LMU Munich and ITN Network (completed 2021).

    Dr. Ruhi Deol, 'Building an islandscape: Discourse, livelihoods and development in the Andaman Islands, India.' with the Rachel Carson Center, LMU Munich (completed 2021).

    Dr. Sahar Zavareh Hofmann, 'Disaster recovery in urban communities.' with support from the DFG (completed 2022).


    Arun Adhikari, 'Societal recovery in Nepal after the 2015 earthquakes: An assessment at community and household level,' with Rachel Carson Center, LMU Munich.

    Marie Aschenbrenner, 'Urban environmental ethics on the edge of the city: Making ethical citizens for Auckland's 'blue backyard,' LMU Munich with DFG-funded Research group 'Urban ethics: Conflicts over the good urban life in teh 20th and 21st centuries.'

    Amra Bobar, 'Holzzukunft oder Holzweg?Chancen, Barrieren und Kompromisse einer veränderten Nutzung von Holz als Beitrag zur gessellschaftlichen Transformation.' LMU Munich, mit Bayerisches Forschung Verbund 'Fit for Change'.

    Daniel Dumas, 'From Eskimo hunter to beaded dreams: Cultural representations of Indigeneity and environment,' with Rachel Carson Center, LMU.

    Martin Haider, 'Nachhaltigkeitsplannung: Bewertung der Werksweiterung des BMW Werkes München.'

    Kilian Hinzpeter, 'Innovative value chains.'

    Moremi Zeil, 'Enacting the river subject: The case of Río Atrato in Colombia.'

    GW April 2022

    Research projects

    Urbane Umweltethik am Rande der Stadt: Die Herstellung ethischer Bürgerinnen für Aucklands "blue backyard" (01.05.2018 - 31.12.2022) >> more

    Langfristiger Wiederaufbau nach Katastrophen in urbanen Gemeinschaften (01.02.2018 - 31.01.2020) >> more

    Holzzukunft oder Holzweg? Chancen, Barrieren und Kompromisse einer veränderten Nutzung von Holz als Beitrag zur gesellschaftlichen Transformation (17.06.2013 - 14.06.2017) >> more